Like there are many differences between men and women, differences in their oral health is one among them. Though there is no significant change in anatomical structure of the mouths of men and women, the impact is however on what’s going on in the rest of body.
Oral health in women
Many of the differences in two genders might be due to physiological characteristics like hormonal fluctuations, oral health habits and attitudes. According to a study which was published in journal of periodontology, women are more upbeat in taking care of their oral health than men. The study also found out that women are more likely to understand oral health and hence show a better attitude towards oral care. This might likely reduce the incidences of plaque, bleeding gums, calculus and risks of periodontal disease. However, women might have negative effect on their teeth due to hormonal changes which happens in 4 stages of their life. About 60-75% of women suffer from gingivitis and gum inflammation during their pregnancy, which can further lead to gum diseases. Increased levels of hormones might also make the bacteria to flourish on the teeth. Gum diseases during pregnancy might also result in low-birth-weight babies.
Women must pay extra attention on their oral health during periods of hormonal fluctuations such as menstruation, pregnancy and menopause. “Pregnancy tumors” might result if the pregnant women fail to take care of her oral health efficiently. The other important factor is hormonal fluctuations might result in Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) disorder as it is linked to inflammation of gums. Women between 20 to 40 years of age are more likely to suffer from TMJ and about 90% of the TMJ sufferers are women. Oral health can be at risk as TMJ might cause bruxism or teeth grinding and clenching. Chances of other oral health problems like tooth fractures and enamel erosion might increase due to bruxism.
Men and their oral health
Men on the other hand, face most of the oral health issues due to behavioral issues, because they are less likely to visit the dentist and receive the follow-up treatment. Men are likely to lose their teeth by the age of 72 because average men will brush teeth 1.9 times a day. The risk is heightened if the man has habit of smoking. Oral cancer which occurs twice as likely in men as in women due to the increased use of tobacco products among them. Men also suffer from dry mouth because of the medications used for heart disease which occurs more among men than in women. Dry mouth can adversely affect men’s oral health because saliva decreases the bacteria which can eat away at the teeth. Men’s oral health might also get affected due to their other lifestyle choices like riding motorcycles or playing sports. These will further increases the incidences of dental trauma which results in tooth loss.
Hence, depending upon the gender there are various issues one should look out for in regards to oral health care. However, one can avoid all these problems by frequently brushing, flossing and visiting dentist.
|Facts about oral health in men:
1. Missing Dental Visits
2. Insufficient Brushing
3. More Gum Problems
4. Higher Risk of Dry Mouth
5. More Dental Replacements
6. Higher Use of Carcinogens
7. Higher Risk of HPV
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