Orthodontic treatment is a branch of dentistry that deals with correction of different abnormalities of teeth. There are various types of orthodontic treatments available such as the use of braces, aligners, retainers and space maintainers etc. that can be employed to correct improperly positioned teeth.
Five common teeth abnormalities that can be corrected by orthodontic treatments include:
- Overbite: Overbite is a condition where the upper front teeth are misplaced over the lower jaw which causes upper row of teeth to protrude out. These are common dental issues that get intensified at the childhood because of bad dental habits i.e. thumb sucking, tongue thrusting etc. Such bad dental habit causes the tender jaw bone to get easily deformed at the early age. Overbite is a condition which is normally inherited from parents.
- Under bite: Under bite is a dental abnormality in which the lower jaw teeth protrudes out beyond the upper jaw. Just like overbites, under bites are also inherited from families. This abnormality causes people with under bite condition to have a more prominent lower jaw.
- Cross bite: Cross bite is a dental condition that happens because of the inconsistencies of the occlusal surface of the tooth. When people have a cross bite, one or more teeth might be tilted towards the tongue which is referred as lingual cross bite however, when teeth are tilted towards the cheek, it is known as a buccal cross bite.
- Open bite: Open bite is a condition where the front tooth protrudes out. This condition also causes the upper and lower teeth not to touch each other even when the mouth is closed.
- Crowding: Crowding is another type of dental abnormality in which there is a lack of space for all the teeth to fit properly in the mouth. This condition is mainly caused due to the early or late loss of primary teeth in children.
It is highly recommended that when you have such dental abnormalities it is best to get treated on time as these can lead to further complications. So, if you notice any of these teeth abnormalities, visit your orthodontist (specialist, in orthodontic treatment) immediately. If you need any further information on dental abnormalities, visit our website mydentalplan.in